MORAR CARIOCA: REDEVELOP FAVELAS IN RIO DE JANEIRO
The team could not be composed only of architects. It was about making proposals to redevelop favelas in the competition and the Morar Carioca from the Prefectura de Rio de Janeiro.
An organism as complex as a city, or part of a city, required that we became a multidisciplinary team of sociologists, experts in water, in environment, in waste, infrastructure, urban planners and architects.
We intended to help understand the slums and favelas as "problem islands", segregated places in the formal city and facing it. From the beginning we considered that, to work in the informal city that works with their own governance mechanisms, it was necessary to propose a participatory process between the multidisciplinary team of technicians, the state and the community of the favela.
Besides improving the shortcomings of these settlements in relation to supplies of water, electricity, sanitation, development of streets, connections and access, garbage disposal, eliminate risk areas, create public spaces, etc., it is mandatory to read and accurately diagnose the various economic relations, activities, links with the territory and existing social networks to identify opportunities and enhance these existing forces in a direction that integrates the favelas and the city.
The nonexistent or precarious urban space in favelas, due to the uniformity and lack of urban structure is created in the proposed emptying areas to oxygenate the tissue, creating new centers in the favela and opening the public space with plazas, football pitches, concentrating endowments and public uses (leisure, sport, health, trade ...) and reccomodating the inhabitants near the new common space in buildings of "vertical favela". This creates new centers of activity and establishes a first urban structure.
These new businesses become points of connection with the city and access to its service offerings through the creation of roads and infrastructure that connect to each other.
In situations of flooding valleys or hillsides landslide, it raises the consolidation of slopes through 'contaition-buildings' or towers that are both containment and visual viewpoint framing the landscape and ordering the cityscape, also attached to new centers or centers of activity integrating new opportunities and markets, trade, endowments ... that the city has attracted to the favela.
Architects: Collaboration international team: DL+A Architects (Jose Maria de Lapuerta, Paloma Campo), MMBB (Brazil), Alejandro Echeverri (Mexico), Christian Werthmann (Harvard USA)
Promoter: Prefeitura de Rio de Janeiro